Academic Evaluation and Quality Development (ADEK), Strategic Planning

The information-driven economic competition that accelerated in the last quarter of the 20th century and the significant advances in communication technologies have caused countries to reassess their higher education systems and restructure them in the light of new developments as is the case in other areas. Due to the faster increase in the demand for higher education than the public resources allocated to higher education institutions, and to increased expectations of quality service from higher education institutions caused by the rapid socioeconomic changes and the developments in the information economy and society, it has become compulsory to embrace systematic and strategic approaches in education, teaching, research and other services of higher education institutions which rapidly grow and become more complex to manage. This change takes place at a radical pace in Europe which gradually loses its competitive power particularly compared to the United States and aims to become a dynamic and efficient information society until 2010 in a process initiated by the Lisbon Strategy.

In this respect, the efforts of European countries to create a European Higher Education Zone (EHEZ) and European Research Zone (ERZ) were shaped by the Bologna strategy, and further supported and developed with subsequent processes. The efforts within this scope continue with a great momentum today. Among the works conducted with regard to this matter, enhancement of European higher education, increasing the quality of higher education, and creating quality assurance systems in certain widely-accepted standards have become the most significant item on the agenda. The efforts and suggestions made in this respect within the scope of the Bologna process were published in the European Association for Quality Assurance (ENQA) 2005 report “The Principles and Standards of Quality in European Higher Education”. The principles and standards published in this report are guiding the works conducted in this field today, and thus it is aimed that higher education institutions in European Higher Education Zone work in harmony and provide service of comparable quality.

In this respect, each country implements quality assurance systems that are compatible with their education system and evaluate their education system in the light of such standards. Within the same scope, countries establish quality agencies to evaluate quality development activities of their higher education institutions, and determine the quality level of higher education institutions using external evaluation factors. In the light of these developments the Regulation on “Academic Evaluation and Quality Development in Higher Education Institutions” drafted by the Council of Higher Education (YÖK) for establishment of quality standards in higher education, improvement of academic and administrative service qualities of higher education institutions and facilitation of compliance with international standards took effect upon publication in the Official Gazette no. 25942 dated 20.09.2005. A Commission of Academic Evaluation and Quality Development for Higher Education Institutions (YÖDEK) was established to coordinate the efforts under this regulation. YÖDEK defined the processes that will guide academic evaluation and quality development works in higher education institutions. It is stated in the Article 8 of the said regulation that higher education institutions should form a Board of Academic Evaluation and Quality Development that is responsible for academic evaluation and quality development works. İstanbul University Board of Academic Evaluation and Quality Development continues to perform its works within the scope of the relevant regulation.

İstanbul University Board of Academic Evaluation and Quality Development (İÜ-ADEK) conducts an ‘integrated quality management system’ to establish a quality management system for university-wide education and teaching, research, administrative (management) services, and the services offered to the society, and to fulfill the objectives of preparation for program accreditations and of the strategic plan. For this purpose, a quality management system infrastructure based on ISO 9001 that includes the principles of system and establishment with regard to European Union of Universities (EUA), European Association for Quality Assurance in Higher Education (ENQA), Higher Education Academic Evaluation and Quality Development Commission (YÖDEK), EFQM, etc. has been prepared for the university and hospitals. It is aimed that each academic and administrative personnel be reached, and educational and other activities be carried out in order to spread the quality culture across the university. The integrated quality management system that includes all units of the university is the largest effort on quality in our country.

Source: The Guide on Academic Evaluation and Quality Development in Higher Education Institutions


Assist. Prof. Eda YILMAZ ALARÇİN

Istanbul University
Faculty Of Health Sciences
Head of Academic Evaluation And Quality Improvement Board


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